What is the difference between THC and CBD?
Out of 113 different cannabinoids, THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (Cannabinol) are the two most well-known types of cannabinoids found in the marijuana plant.
CBD and THC have their own unique benefits, but one isn’t necessarily better than the other and they often work great together. Let me briefly explain what each one is.
THC is the primary agent that is responsible for the “high”, euphoric and mind-altering effects. The reason it gets you so “high” is the THC binds to CB1 (cannabinoid 1) receptors found in the brain, changing how the brain functions. The effects can include relaxation, fatigue, increased appetite, calmness and altered senses of hearing, sight and smell. THC studies have indicated to help treat glaucoma, reducing nausea and increasing appetite from the side effects of chemotherapy, lessens tremors associated with spinal injuries, reduces pain in multiple sclerosis, promotes relaxation and relaxes muscles. (along with many more wonderful benefits!). Now, the side effects of THC are anxiety and paranoia. But when you think of all the benefits it has to offer, these side effects are just a small price to pay.
Unlike THC, CBD does not bind to the CB1 receptors, so it gives non-psychoactive medical benefits. CBD offers mild antidepressant and is an antipsychotic. Along with its less direct interaction with CB1 and CB2 receptors, CBD can increase our own naturally produced cannabinoids level by inhibiting the enzymes that break them down. CBD can be useful for lowering anxiety, reducing psychotic symptoms, reduce depression, helps decrease pain and nausea associated with chemotherapy, and many more benefits. The side effects of CBD are minimal. Some people have reported a dry mouth while using CBD.
So, both THC and CBD have some amazing benefits. One thing to remember, is THC gives you a “high”, while CBD does not. Talk with your patient advisor to determine which one (or both!) would be a better fit for you and your ailments.